Sri Aurobindo in Calcutta (1906-10)

  • Bande Mataram Newspaper

Decisive Action Direct from the Supreme 

..the greatest thing done in those years was the creation of a new spirit in the country. In the enthusiasm that swept surging everywhere with the cry of Bande Mataram ringing on all sides men felt it glorious to be alive and dare and act together and hope; the old apathy and timidity were broken and a force created which nothing could destroy and which rose again and again in wave after wave till it carried India to the beginning of a complete victory.

1906-1910 was an eventful period in Sri Aurobindo's public life with two major Spiritual realizations of 'Nirvana' and 'Cosmic Consciousness', intense political action in laying the foundation of the Freedom struggle as a prominent Nationalist leader, editing of two major English publications - 'Bande Mataram newspaper' and 'Karmayogin journal, three unsuccesful prosecutions by the British - 'Bande Mataram Sedition Case', 'Alipore Bomb Case', in which he was incarcerated as under-trial prisoner in the Alipore Jail and one unexecuted warrant - 'Karmayogin Sedition Case' - leading upto his final departure to Pondicherry in 1910 on the strength of a Divine command that saw him leave the British empire.

Bengal National
College

1906

Bengal National College started with Sri Aurobindo as its first Principal on 15.Aug.1906. Sri Aurobindo attached much importance to National education and included it as part of the new Nationalist Party's programme.

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'Bande Mataram'
newspaper

1906-08

'Bande Mataram' was an English newspaper edited by Sri Aurobindo. It was almost unique in journalistic history in the influence it exercised in converting the mind of a people and preparing it for revolution.

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Congress Split at Surat Session

Dec. 1907

Sri Aurobindo presided over the Nationalist Conference at Surat in 1907 where in the forceful clash of two equal parties - the Moderates and the Nationalists - the Congress was broken to pieces.

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Realization of 'Nirvana'

Jan. 1908

Sri Aurobindo realized Nirvana or Silent Brahman Consciousness in January 1908. This experience turned out to be the beginning of a greater realisation.

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Alipore Bomb Case

1908-09

Alipore Bomb case was a historic trial in which the British Government tried to implicate Sri Aurobindo in various revolutionary activities.

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As a Prisoner

1908-09

Sri Aurobindo spent one year in Presidency Jail as an under-trial prisoner in the Alipore Bomb Case. He was kept in solitary confinement for certain periods.

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Cosmic Consciousness

1908-09

Sri Aurobindo realized Cosmic consciousness and the Divine as all beings and all that is, during his confinement at Presidency Jail as an undertrial prisoner.

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'Karmayogin' newspaper

1909-10

Karamayogin was a weekly journal in English started by Sri Aurobindo as a review of National Religion, Literature, Science, Philosophy etc.

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Departure

1910

Sri Aurobindo departed from Calcutta on the strength of an 'Adesh' (Divine command) from above, first to Chandernagore and then to Pondicherry.

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Sri Aurobindo's Footprints in Calcutta

Sri Aurobindo's Birthplace

A 4, Theatre Road

Sri Aurobindo was born on August 15, 1872 at No. 4 Theatre Road. This property is now known as 'Sri Aurobindo Bhavan', which came into being through a Government Act in 1972.

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Residence, Hub of Nationalism

B 12, Wellington Square

Sri Aurobindo usually resided in this house as a guest of Raja Subodh Chandra Mullick on his visits to Calcutta. 12, Wellington Square thus became a hub of the Nationalist movement and its silent witness.

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Office of 'Bande Mataram'

C 2/1, Creek Row

2/1, Creek Row served as the permanent office and press of 'Bande Mataram' - the English newspaper edited by Sri Aurobindo, which prepared the mind of the people for the Nationalist revolution.

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Bengal National College

D|E 191/1, 164 & 166 Bowbazar Street

Bengal National College, with Sri Aurobindo as its first Principal, operated from 191/1 Bowbazar Street and was later shifted to 164 & 166 Bowbazar street in 1907.

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Residence

F 19/3, Chhaku Khansama Lane

19/3, Chhaku Khansama Lane served as residence of Sri Aurobindo for a brief period. He shifted here to become more accessible to the common man.

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Residence

G 23, Scott Lane

23, Scott Lane served as residence of Sri Aurobindo for a brief period in 1908. Bal Gangadhar Tilak had visited him at least once during his stay here.

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Revolutionary 'Ashram'

I 32, Muraripukur Road

The house at 32, Muraripukur Road served as headquarters for the Revolutionary group led by Barindra Ghose.

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'Search and Arrest'

J 48, Grey Street

Sri Aurobindo was arrested from 48, Grey Street on 2nd May, 1908 to stand for trial in the Alipore Bomb Case.

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Prison Cell

K Presidency Jail

Sri Aurobindo was imprisoned in a solitary-confinement cell as an undertrial prisoner in the Alipore Bomb case.

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Alipore Bomb Case

L Alipore Sessions Court

The historic 'Alipore Bomb Trial', in which Sri Aurobindo was the main accused, took place at Alipore Sessions court in 1908-09.

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Residence

M 6, College Square

6, College Square served as residence of Sri Aurobindo from 6th May, 1909 until February, 1910, when he left Calcutta.

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Uttarpara Speech

N Jaykrishna Public Library

'Uttarpara Speech', in which Sri Aurobindo for the first time spoke publicly of his Yoga and his spiritual experiences, was made here on 30.May.1909.

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Office of 'Karmayogin'

O 4, Shyampukur Lane

4, Shyampukur Lane served as the office of 'Karmayogin' and 'Dharma' newspaper. It was here that Sri Aurobindo received a sudden 'command from above' to go to Chandernagore (in Feb 1910).

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Secret Residence

P Chandernagore

Sri Aurobindo remained in secret residence at Chandernagore, entirely engaged in Sadhana, from mid-February to end-March in 1910 before proceeding to Pondicherry.

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Commemorative Plaques

A Pilgrim's Map

 


All extracts and quotations from the written works of Sri Aurobindo and the Mother and the Photographs of the Mother and Sri Aurobindo are copyright Sri Aurobindo Ashram Trust, Pondicherry -605002 India.
All other Rights and Content Reserved - Copyright © Sri Aurobindo Institute of Culture (SAIoC).